The history of hairdressers sounds wrong, eh? Well, everyone is curious about strange things. Hairdressers not being the strongest ones. We often get our hair trimmed now and then. Or maybe the past two years have made you the DIY hairdresser carrying ERGO scissors and snipping off some extra layers off your head. Still, you are familiar with the term hairdresser and their job. Will you be amazed if we tell you hairdressers didn't just use to cut hair once?
This profession has gone through tests of time with social and economic changes. Hairdressers have traveled from being surgeons to priests to what you see now. It must be surprising that a hairdresser used to earn more than a doctor, but it’s true! Let us know one thing: every human is a child of his time, i.e., exorcism, dentistry, and surgeon skills required no professional degree in those days. But with time, things changed, and so did hairdressing as a profession.
Once The Barbers
The early hairdressers were called barbers, derived from the Latin word Barba meaning beard. The history of barbers goes back to the beginning of humankind in the lands of Egypt and Rome. Jumping from one profession to another, barbers performed surgeries, exorcism, baptization, and marriage ceremonies. All those professions were the demand of those times. Superstitions, lack of skilled professionals, religion, economic issues, etc., have influenced the growth and evolution of the hairdresser's profession. The lack of proper medical measures made the situation so dire that at one point in time, multi-skilled barbers were performing the tasks of surgeons, dentists, and even used to get paid more. The separation of the barber's profession from medical procedures began with the development of medical science. After 1745 barbers were limited to only hairstyling and shaving mustaches and beards. Nevertheless, let us tell you about the history of hairdressers briefly below points:
Urban Lifestyle And Renaissance
Hairdresser as a profession was nowhere to be found until the revival of the cities. Hairdressers returned with the revamp of urban lifestyle and fashion in the middle period. Here, they performed diverse tasks like shaving clients, pulling teeth, surgeries, etc. The Renaissance gave the hairdressing profession the most significant blow by introducing women's hairdressers.
Hairdos And The Wig Makers
With the modern era setting in, the hairdos and celebrity coiffeurs became the next highlight in the history of hairdressers. In the seventeenth century, coiffures surpassed all gender limitations, covering women and men. The initial phases of the eighteenth century belonged to the wig makers, but the onset of the french revolution repressed the coiffures and interest in wigs, making their situation deplorable.
The Decline In Trade
Industrialisation and urbanisation made the century the worst hit for hairdressers. Barbers were paid the lowest amounts, with their clients moving away from hairdressing due to chaotic economic conditions. They were reduced to occasional business.
The Impact Of The Marcel Wave
The marcel wave brought hairdressing to the current stage by attracting women from all walks of life, creating a wave of beauty salons. The unparalleled success of the marcel revolution was because of social changes among young women. It brought the hairdressers to the zenith of success.
A Never-Ending Market
With changing times, the demands changed. The world war further became a revolutionizing factor in the hairdresser's trade. Women's economic and personal autonomy increased the market base of hairdressers by feminizing the dominant male work. Also, the famous short hairstyles created a vogue in 1920s western societies by linking hairdressing to art. The shops started small, but their number multiplied, boosting the modern world's fashionable wave. The new era of fashion and business gave ladies' hairdressers fresh opportunities for business and artistic avenues, but the case with male hairdressers was the opposite.
Revolution In Consumerism
The consumerism that followed world war 2 carried many women to hairdressing salons. Even though the trade was feminizing, very few women pioneers could rise to the summit.
Merchandise And Salons
By the 1950s, the whole system of hairdressing changed with more people now getting into the business of hairdressing. Maybe it was then that hairdressing received a breakthrough.
The Internalization Of Hair Fashion
With globalization, it wasn't late before hair fashion changed the way people perceived hairstyles or hair updos. New trends paved the way for new prodigies and the emergence of new fashion capitals. It was now that the whole debate around hairdressing as a profession became unnecessary. The internet age made it easier for barbers to purchase the best shears for barbers, and removing all physical borders became a hindrance to getting good hair styling equipment.
Hairdressing which began as a mere trim and shaves profession, has traversed itself with times and developed into a prospective fashion. The skill which used to be applied to the hair of few is now no longer an accessory. Everyone can afford a hairdresser depending on their budget, need, and style. However, the fun fact justify that the place which served the purpose of daily news and gossip is still a place where many connect and interact; only the horizons have expanded.